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Autonomous haulage systems in the mining industry: cybersecurity, communication and safety issues and challenges

Gaber, T; El Jazouli, Y; Eldesouky, E; Ali, A

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Authors

T Gaber

Y El Jazouli

E Eldesouky

A Ali



Contributors

VA Villagr√°
Editor

Abstract

The current advancement of robotics, especially in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), leads to a prominent combination between the mining industry and connected-embedded technologies. This progress has arisen in the form of state-of-the-art automated giant vehicles with Autonomous Haulage Systems (AHS) that can transport ore without human intervention. Like CPS, AHS enable autonomous and/or remote control of physical systems (e.g., mining trucks). Thus, similar to CPS, AHS are also susceptible to cyber attacks such as Wi-Fi De-Auth and GPS attacks. With the use of the AHS, several mining activities have been strengthened due to increasing the efficiency of operations. Such activities require ensuring accurate data collection from which precise information about the state of the mine should be generated in a timely and consistent manner. Consequently, the presence of secure and reliable communications is crucial in making AHS mines safer, productive, and sustainable. This paper aims to identify and discuss the relation between safety of AHS in the mining environment and both cybersecurity and communication as well as highlighting their challenges and open issues. We survey the literature that addressed this aim and discuss its pros and cons and then highlight some open issues. We conclude that addressing cybersecurity issues of AHS can ensure the safety of operations in the mining environment as well as providing reliable communication, which will lead to better safety. Additionally, it was found that new communication technologies, such 5G and LTE, could be adopted in AHS-based systems for mining, but further research is needed to considered related cybersecurity issues and attacks.

Citation

Gaber, T., El Jazouli, Y., Eldesouky, E., & Ali, A. (2021). Autonomous haulage systems in the mining industry: cybersecurity, communication and safety issues and challenges. Electronics, 10(11), e1357. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10111357

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 2, 2021
Publication Date Jun 7, 2021
Deposit Date Jun 9, 2021
Publicly Available Date Jun 9, 2021
Journal Electronics
Publisher MDPI
Volume 10
Issue 11
Pages e1357
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10111357
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10111357
Related Public URLs https://www.mdpi.com/journal/electronics
Additional Information Additional Information : ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 2079-9292 **History: published 07-06-2021; accepted 02-06-2021

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