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Optimal spaces for those living with dementia : principles and evidence

Barrett, PS; Sharma, M; Zeisel, J

Optimal spaces for those living with dementia : principles and evidence Thumbnail


PS Barrett

M Sharma

J Zeisel


This paper represents a synthesis of diverse and disparate evidence in the research literature that provide insights into the impacts of aspects of the built environment on the wellbeing of those living with dementia. The individually focused findings are structured into a set of practical design parameters, driven by three overarching needs-driven design principles, namely: manageable cognitive load, clear sequencing, and appropriate level of stimulation. These needs are contextualized within a general model that suggests that action in any one area (such as the built environment) also has to take into account other key dimensions, namely any support from the caring / social environment and any pharmacological treatment. Addressing these elements holistically should maximize the opportunity to improve the quality of life of the individual. This paper, however, explicitly focuses on the built environment.


Barrett, P., Sharma, M., & Zeisel, J. (2018). Optimal spaces for those living with dementia : principles and evidence. Building Research and Information, 47(6), 734-746.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 26, 2018
Online Publication Date Jul 11, 2018
Publication Date Jul 11, 2018
Deposit Date Jul 3, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jul 18, 2018
Journal Building Research and Information
Print ISSN 0961-3218
Publisher Routledge
Volume 47
Issue 6
Pages 734-746
Publisher URL
Related Public URLs
Additional Information Funders : Centre for Dementia


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