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Salford Twist Mill: Uncovering an Iconic Textile Factory

Miller, Ian



The Salford Twist Mill of 1799-1801 has attracted much attention as a pioneering example of an iron-framed building, the first textile mill in England to have benefitted from steam heating and one of the earliest buildings in the world to have been permanently lit by gas. Aspects of the mill’s development have been debated since its destruction in the mid-20th century, although several points of contention were clarified during an archaeological excavation and associated research conducted by the University of Salford in 2016-17. In particular, fragments of structural ironwork recovered from demolition layers yielded fresh evidence for the building’s internal cast-iron frame, and excavation of the engine room enabled details of the power-transmission system to be elucidated. Whilst this article necessarily recites earlier work, it combines the key findings from the recent investigation with a review of previous studies to provide a definitive account of one of the first iron-framed mills.


Miller, I. (2024). Salford Twist Mill: Uncovering an Iconic Textile Factory. Industrial Archaeology Review, 46(1),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 16, 2024
Publication Date Jun 5, 2024
Deposit Date May 26, 2024
Publicly Available Date Dec 6, 2025
Journal Industrial Archaeology Review
Print ISSN 0309-0728
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 46
Issue 1