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A conceptual model of the social-ecological system of nature-based solutions in urban environments

Tzoulas, K; Galan, J; Venn, S; Dennis, M; Pedroli, B; Mishra, H; Haase, D; Paulieit, S; Niemela, J; James, P

Authors

K Tzoulas

J Galan

S Venn

M Dennis

B Pedroli

H Mishra

D Haase

S Paulieit

J Niemela



Abstract

This article provides a perspective on nature-based solutions. First, the argument is developed that nature-based solutions integrate social and ecological systems. Then, theoretical considerations relating to relational values, multifunctionality, transdisciplinarity, and polycentric governance are briefly outlined. Finally, a conceptual model of the social-ecological system of nature-based solutions is synthesized and presented. This conceptual model comprehensively defines the social and ecological external and internal systems that make up nature-based solutions and identifies theoretical considerations that need to be addressed at different stages of their planning and implementation The model bridges the normative gaps of existing nature-based solution frameworks and could be used for consistent, comprehensive, and transferable comparisons internationally. The theoretical considerations addressed in this article inform practitioners, policymakers, and researchers about the essential components of nature-based solutions. The conceptual model can facilitate the identification of social and ecological interconnections within nature-based solutions and the range of stakeholders and disciplines involved.

Citation

Tzoulas, K., Galan, J., Venn, S., Dennis, M., Pedroli, B., Mishra, H., …James, P. (2021). A conceptual model of the social-ecological system of nature-based solutions in urban environments. Ambio, 50(2), 335-345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01380-2

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 8, 2020
Online Publication Date Sep 11, 2020
Publication Date Feb 1, 2021
Deposit Date Aug 13, 2020
Publicly Available Date Sep 25, 2020
Journal AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
Print ISSN 0044-7447
Electronic ISSN 1654-7209
Publisher Springer Verlag
Volume 50
Issue 2
Pages 335-345
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01380-2
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01380-2
Related Public URLs http://link.springer.com/journal/13280

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