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Assessing low energy school buildings using the new Building Bulletin 101

Ji, Y; Du, J

Assessing low energy school buildings using the new Building Bulletin 101 Thumbnail


J Du


This paper reports an assessment of a school building design using the newly published Building Bulletin 101 2018. The requirements on thermal comfort and CO2 based indoor air quality from this new guidance document are very different from its earlier version published in 2006. Existing research reported that the new requirements are much tougher to meet compared with the previous version. The aim of this research is to examine whether design alternatives on an existing school building with 10 learning and teaching spaces can help in passing the new requirements using dynamic thermal simulation tool - IESVE.
It is found that promoting ventilation, shading and night purging can all help mitigating overheating in the ten learning and teaching spaces evaluated. With the ‘as built’ condition, these learning and teaching spaces failed all three overheating criteria from the new BB101. Promoting ventilation can help some of the spaces pass the overheating occurrence criterion but not the overheating severity criteria. With added shading to block excessive solar gains, half of the evaluated spaces were able to pass the thermal comfort requirement. Boosting the night purging also helps to some extent in bridging the gap against the target requirements on overheating severity, however, there are still spaces which will not pass the comfort requirement. This may indicate that natural ventilation itself may not be able to provide thermal comfort for the given design. CO2 based indoor air quality requirements are less of an issue as higher CO2 concentrations always happen when the outdoor air temperature is low, boosting ventilation using automatic or manual control can easily resolve this. The research also highlights that one of the overheating criteria is much more difficult to meet, the appropriateness of this criterion is therefore in question. As the new BB101 was only launched very recently, it will be subject to further tests and evaluations in order to examine whether it fits for purpose.


Ji, Y., & Du, J. (2019). Assessing low energy school buildings using the new Building Bulletin 101. WEENTECH proceedings in energy, 5(2), 43-52.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 23, 2019
Publication Date Sep 6, 2019
Deposit Date Sep 20, 2019
Publicly Available Date Sep 20, 2019
Journal WEENTECH Proceedings in Energy
Electronic ISSN 2059-2353
Volume 5
Issue 2
Pages 43-52
Publisher URL
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