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Disability, discrimination and equal opportunities : a comparative study of legal models addressing the employment rights of disabled persons, with particular reference to Britain and the United States

Doyle, BJ

Authors

BJ Doyle



Contributors

KP Gee
Supervisor

Abstract

Against the background of growing demands in Britain for anti-discrimination legislation
covering disabled persons, the study examines the case for reform, and the shape which such
legislation might take, in the employment field. Using the socio-legal tradition, the meaning
of disability is explored and the demography, nature and experience of disability is described.
The evidence of employment discrimination against disabled persons is evaluated and their
position in the labour market is plotted. Existing law on disabled employment rights in Britain
is set out and its strengths and weaknesses weighed. The employment rights of disabled
workers in the European Community, the United States, Canada and Australia are narrated.
Then, using comparative legal methodology, a number of problems and issues in the
regulation of disability-related employment discrimination (and the promotion of equal
opportunities) are recounted and critically analysed. These problems and issues include the
definition of disability discrimination, identification of the protected class, fitness for work and
employment qualification, use of reasonable accommodation and positive action, preferential
treatment and the role of quotas, and enforcement strategies and remedial action. The
experience of the United States is recruited as the primary basis of comparison and lessons
for suggested legal reforms in Britain are pointed out. Some general conclusions on the
efficacy of disability discrimination laws are drawn.
The study surveys a wide variety of primary and secondary legal materials, including
legislation and case law, and reviews the pertinent literature drawn from legal scholarship and
other relevant disciplines. It does so in the context of a theoretical perspective that borrows
from the body of legal theory and concepts developed in race and gender discrimination law.

Citation

Doyle, B. Disability, discrimination and equal opportunities : a comparative study of legal models addressing the employment rights of disabled persons, with particular reference to Britain and the United States. (Thesis). University of Salford

Thesis Type Thesis
Deposit Date Aug 5, 2011
Publicly Available Date Aug 5, 2011
Award Date Jan 1, 1993

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