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The use of self-management strategies by people with rheumatoid arthritis

Hammond, A



OBJECTIVE: To investigate seven common arthritis self-management methods used by people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by studying their frequency of use and the patients' belief in their benefits. Also to look at how people obtained information about such methods.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.

SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Forty-one people with RA attending a rheumatology outpatient department at a large district general hospital.

RESULTS: Twenty-three recalled receiving some self-management advice from rheumatology team members, but most stated the commonest source of information was arthritis books and leaflets (n = 29). Two-thirds used technical aids and rest on a daily basis, half used exercise and heat (half doing so daily). A quarter to a half used relaxation, joint protection and working splints (half doing so daily).

CONCLUSION: People with RA reported using three or four self-management methods simultaneously to help control symptoms. In the main, believing a method to be beneficial was strongly related to its use. However, exercise and joint protection, whilst widely believed to be beneficial, were less used. People reported problems with knowing how to do these correctly, having insufficient time to practise sufficiently and difficulty in establishing habits.


Hammond, A. (1998). The use of self-management strategies by people with rheumatoid arthritis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 12(1), 81-87

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 1998
Deposit Date Oct 29, 2010
Journal Clinical Rehabilitation
Print ISSN 0269-2155
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 1
Pages 81-87
Publisher URL