Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Long Term Conditions Work Spillover Scale - British English

Hammond, Alison; Tennant, Alan; Prior, Yeliz; Gignac, Monique


Alan Tennant

Monique Gignac


The British English version of the Long-Term Conditions Work Spillover Scale (LTCWSS) has been psychometrically tested in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), osteoarthritis (OA) and fibromyalgia (FM). The LTCWSS was forward translated, reviewed by an expert panel and cognitive debriefing interviews conducted, with changes to the LTCWSS made. The LTCWSS was tested with 831 employed participants who completed questionnaires: 267 men; 564 women; 53.5 (SD 8.9) years of age; with condition duration 7.7 (SD 8.0) years. The LTCWSS satisfied Rasch model requirements, and a LTCWSS Rasch transformation table was created, and a Reference Metric equating scales with the WALS, were created. Concurrent validity was strong with the: WLQ-25 Time, Mental-Interpersonal and Output Demands scales (RA rs =0.63-0.70; axSpA rs = 0.66-0.77; OA rs = 0.57-0.62; FM rs = 0.60-0.64). Internal consistency was consistent with group use (α = 0.80-0.89). Test-retest reliability was excellent (ICC (2,1) at 0.78-0.91. The British-English version of the LTCWSS is reliable and valid and can be used in both clinical practice and research,
Ful details of testing of the LTCJSS and the LTCJSS Rasch transformation table (see supplementary materials for table) can be found at
Hammond A, Tennant A, Ching A, Parker J, Prior Y, Gignac M, Verstappen S, O’Brien R. (2023). Psychometric testing of the British-English Long Term Conditions Job Strain Scale, Arthritis Work Spillover Scale and Work – Health-Personal Life Perceptions Scale in four rheumatic and musculoskeletal conditions. Musculoskeletal Care published online 11.5.23 DOI: 10.1002/msc.1774


Hammond, A., Tennant, A., Prior, Y., & Gignac, M. (2023). Long Term Conditions Work Spillover Scale - British English. [Paper]

Other Type Manual / Guide
Publication Date Sep 27, 2023
Deposit Date Sep 27, 2023
Publicly Available Date Sep 28, 2023
Pages 3
Keywords work; arthritis; musculoskeletal; patient reported outcome measure; work rehabilitation.


You might also like

Downloadable Citations