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Evaluating environmental and ecological landscape characteristics relevant to urban resilience across gradients of land-sharing-sparing and urbanity

Dennis, M; Scaletta, KL; James, P

Evaluating environmental and ecological landscape characteristics relevant to urban resilience across gradients of land-sharing-sparing and urbanity Thumbnail


Authors

M Dennis

KL Scaletta

P James



Abstract

Within urban landscape planning, debate continues around the relative merits of land-sparing (compaction) and land-sharing (sprawl) scenarios. Using part of Greater Manchester (UK) as a case-study, we present a landscape approach to mapping green infrastructure and variation in social-ecological-environmental conditions as a function of land sparing and sharing. We do so for the landscape as a whole as well as for areas of high and low urbanity. Results imply potential trade-offs between land-sparing-sharing scenarios relevant to characteristics critical to urban resilience such as landscape connectivity and diversity, air quality, surface temperature, and access to green space. These trade-offs may be particularly complex due to the parallel influence of patch attributes such as land-cover and size and imply that both ecological restoration and spatial planning have a role to play in reconciling tensions between land-sparing and sharing strategies.

Citation

Dennis, M., Scaletta, K., & James, P. Evaluating environmental and ecological landscape characteristics relevant to urban resilience across gradients of land-sharing-sparing and urbanity. PLoS ONE, 14(7), e0215796. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215796

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Jul 25, 2019
Deposit Date Apr 15, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 11, 2019
Journal PLoS ONE
Publisher Public Library of Science
Volume 14
Issue 7
Pages e0215796
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215796
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215796
Related Public URLs https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215796

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